What is Known About the Transmission of COVID-19

Transmission of COVID-19

Authorities have confirmed that the virus spreads through two routes:

  • Environment-to-human: Information suggests that the virus causing COVID-19 is “zoonotic” transmitted from an animal source to humans.
  • Person-to-person spread: From a sick person to others who are in close contact (within about six feet). The virus is active in the human-to-human transmission phase.

Scientists believe the virus causing COVID-19 spreads from one person to another in the same way as other respiratory infections, including colds and the flu – through infected respiratory droplets. The sick person expels these when they cough, sneeze, or talk and possibly in his or her fecal matter and blood as well. Others can get the disease via contact (direct or indirect) with these contaminated droplets.

It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose, and possibly their eyes. The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community (Community Spread) in some affected geographic areas. Community Spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.

Know the Symptom of COVID-19

For confirmed COVID-19 infections, reported illnesses have ranged from infected people with little-to-no symptoms to people becoming severely ill and dying. Information suggests that older adults and persons with underlying health conditions or compromised immune systems might be at greater risk for severe illness from this virus, and they should take more precautions to avoid exposure.

Symptoms may appear two to 14 days after exposure to the virus. This can allow the virus to be spread without an individual showing symptoms. People with underlying health conditions appear to be at higher risk for severe disease.

COVID-19 symptoms include:

  • Fever (100.4° F or greater using an oral thermometer);
  • Cough; and
  • Shortness of breath

Besides knowing how it can be transmitted, recognizing the symptoms is an important step. Symptoms may appear two to 14 days after exposure to the virus. This can allow the virus to be spread without an individual showing symptoms.

How to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19

There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19 infection. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus.

Best practices to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses include:

  • Actively encourage sick employees who have symptoms of acute respiratory illness to stay home and not come to work until they don’t have any sign of fever or any other symptoms for at least 24 hours, without the use of fever-reducing or other symptom-altering medicines
  • Temperature to be checked for employees before entering the premise. Any abnormality (temperature above 99.5° F) should be reported to the admin manager for further checks. Face masks to be provided to employees with respiratory problems and running nose.
  • Sanitizers with a high alcohol content to be kept at ALL entrances.
  • Vendor meetings to be avoided and employees should try to manage vendors via emails or calls. Mandatory COVID checks will be done on visitors as per the company policy. Visitors will be required to submit a self-declaration form and fill with accurate details.
  • Housekeeping staff must clean all “high-touch” surfaces, such as buttons in the escalator, tables, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, and mouse at regular intervals.
  • Intensive sessions must be provided to the housekeeping staff to educate them on the best practices to be followed to sanitize the office premise. Use household cleaning spray or wipe as per label instructions for safe and effective use of the cleaning product with precautions, such as wearing gloves and face mask which are washed after every use.
  • Employees should cover their nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, and avoid touching their eyes, nose, or mouth with hands. Also avoid close contact such as shaking hands, especially with employees who are sick.
  • Windows in all the floors will be opened for a specific period to improve the quality of air using cross ventilation.
  • Physical posters and screensavers on best practices for personal hygiene and clean workplace etiquette must be used to convey the correct sanitization methods to employees.

Policies to be followed to minimize the impact of COVID-19:

Company Policy Related to Travel Policy

  • Business Travel: Depending on the severity of the virus spread, countries have been identified into separate zones and travel advisories have been published for all the employees. Employees are not allowed to travel to any high-impact region
  • Employees returning from leave: Employees returning from leave will be asked to give a self-declaration that they have not been to any impacted areas. If they have been in any of these places, employees will be quarantined and will be asked to work-from-home as per business requirements
  • Family Travel: Family members of our employees are advised to avoid unwanted domestic and international travel. If they have to travel for any undeniable reason, employees will be asked to give a self-declaration on their immediate family members/associates’ behalf that they have not visited any COVID-impacted regions

Company Policy Related to Sick Leave and Health Checks

  • Sick Leave Policy: If an employee has a confirmed case of COVID, he/she should notify the HR and submit a medical certificate from a government medical officer. After being in quarantine for 14 days, the employee must submit a fitness certificate from their healthcare provider authorizing the employee to return to work. The Company will keep all employee health information confidential
  • Health checks: Employees who are even slightly unwell/unable to work/are showing any suspected symptoms, will be asked to take all necessary caution with regular medical check-ups. These employees will be reported to admin manager for further proceedings and refrained from any physical contact with others

If an employee has a confirmed case of COVID-19 the Company will need him/her to provide authorization from his/her healthcare provider authorizing to return to work. The Company will keep all employee health information confidential. If a healthcare provider confirms an employee does not have COVID-19 and recovered from your, he/she can return to work.

If an employee contracts COVID-19 and suffers from any complications that impact upon return to work, he/she should contact the Human Resources Department to discuss whether any reasonable accommodations can be made to assist while the employee recovers.

Company Safety Policies

Please follow the Company’s safety policy including Company rules related to the use of personal protective equipment, including the use of gloves, eye and face protection, and respiratory protection. If you have any questions about the Company’s safety policies or the use of personal protective equipment, please contact the Human Resources Department.